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Determining the association between retinopathy and metabolic syndrome among Internal Medicine patients in Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center Internal Medicine Outpatient Department.

Author

Related Institution

Department of Internal Medicine - Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center

Department of Ophthalmology - Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center

Publication Information

Publication Type
Research Report
Date
March 4-May 3, 2015

Abstract

 


BACKGROUND:


Metabolic syndrome is a clustering of abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and elevated blood pressure.  A global increase in the incidence and prevalence of metabolic syndrome has been noted.  In line with this, blindness caused by retinopathy both diabetic or hypertensive has also been a rising concern because of the increasing number of individuals who develop retinopathy as a complication.  With this study we will be able to identify if patients with metabolic syndrome would have a greater risk for developing retinopathy compared to patients who do not present with metabolic syndrome.


METHODOLOGY:


 

Objectives

To determine the association between retinopathy and metabolic syndrome among patients aged 40 years and above seen in Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center Out-Patient Department.


To classify patients based on the presence of metabolic syndrome using the ATP-III definition.


To identify the presence of retinopathy using indirect fundoscopy.


To calculate the incidence of retinopathy among patients who presents with metabolic syndrome and patients who do not present with metabolic syndrome.


 
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